The Courses

1.  An OSHA Trilogy

2.  Applied Volume Calculations

3.  Arithmetic

4. Caustic Soda

5.  Chemistry Unit I  Chemistry in a Modern World

6.  Chemistry Unit II  The Organization of Chemistry

7.  Chemistry Unit III Water and It's Elements

8. Chemistry Unit IV Chemical Calculations

9.  Chemistry Unit V Ionization

10.  Coagulation and The Lamella Separator

11.  Diesel Engine, The

12. Electrodialysis

13.  Filtration

14.  Groundwater Pollution, Remediation & Groundwater Sampling Guidance

15.  Health and Safety

16.  Hydraulics and Electricity

17.  Membrane Technology

18.  pH Measurement

19.  Pumps

20. Reduction/Oxidation

21. Rules and Regulations

22. Sewage Treatment

23.  Unit Operations Math and Leachate Treatment

24.  Unit Operations Math Module #1  

25.  Unit Operations Math Module #2

26.  Valves

27.  Wastewater Characteristics and Wastewater Sampling

28.  Wastewater Indicators

29.  Wastewater Sources (Part 1)

30.  Wastewater Sources (Part 2)

31.  Wastewater Sources (Part 3)

32. Wastewater Treatment Methods and Disposal

 

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Falcone Environmental Services, LLC

providing

Easy to Learn Wastewater Treatment Correspondence Courses

to complete the 

  • State of Massachusetts Department of Environmental Protection's 

  • State of New Hampshire's Department of Environmental Services

  • State of Vermont's Department of Environmental Conservation

requirements to earn annual Training Contact Hours (TCH) and/or Continuing Education Units (CEU).

Sign up NOW and complete your annual Wastewater Treatment Operator (WWTO)   training requirements!

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Chemistry Unit V

Ionization

TCH: 10 Hours

CEU: 1.0 Units

Price: $150.00

 

 

Contents:

Solution and Crystallization

  • What is the nature of solutions?

  • Types of solutions

  • How does solution equilibrium occur?

  • How does pressure influence solubility?

  • How does temperature influence solubility?

  • The rate of solution may be increased

  • Solutions may be dilute or concentrated

  • Methods of expressing concentrations

  • Solvents are selective

  • Hydrogen bonds affect the properties of solvents

  • Freezing and boiling points of solutions differ from those of their solvents

  • Molecular weights of solutes

  • What are crystals?

  • Chemists purify chemicals by crystallization

  • Standards of purity

  • Water of hydration

  • What is efflorescence?

  • What is deliquescence?

The Theory of Ionization

  • Some solutions conduct electricity

  • Electrolytes lower the freezing point more than non-electrolytes

  • Electrolytes raise the boiling point more than non-electrolytes

  • How is the behavior of electrolytes explained?

  • The modern theory of ionization

  • The structure of electrovalent compounds

  • The hydration of lime

  • Some covalent compounds ionize

  • Some electrolytes are strong, others are weak

  • Water ionizes slightly

  • Some substances do not ionize

  • Electrolytes affect the freezing and boiling points abnormally

  • The degree of ionization may be measured

Acids, Bases and Salts

  • Acids are an important class of substances

  • Important industrial acids

  • What is an acid?

  • Modern definition of acids

  • Properties common to acids

  • How are acids named?

  • What are acid anhydrides?

  • What is a base?

  • The characteristics of hydroxides

  • How are hydroxides named?

  • What are basic anhydrides?

  • The pH of a solution

  • What are standard solutions?

  • Standard solutions of known molality

  • Standard solutions of known molarity

  • Standard for equivalent weights

  • Standard solutions of known normality

  • Standard solutions and titration

  • Indicators in titration

  • What is a salt?

  • Salts have varied properties

  • What reactions produce salts?

  • How are salts named?

Chemical Equilibrium

  • Reversible reactions may reach equilibrium

  • Equilibrium is a dynamic state

  • Factors affecting the speed of reaction

  • The Law of Mass Action

  • The equilibrium constant is important to chemists

  • Factors that disturb equilibrium

  • Some reactions run to completion

  • What is the common ion effect?

  • The ionization constant of water

  • Hydrolysis of salts

Oxidation - Reduction Reactions

  • What is oxidation?

  • What is reduction?

  • Oxidation and reduction occur simultaneously

  • Oxidation numbers

  • Balancing oxidation-reduction equations

  • Oxidizing and reducing agents

  • Electrochemical reactions

 

 

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